Djibouti, Somaliland, Mogadishu, and Puntland: Somaliland, a country that does not exist, and Djibouti, one of the tiniest countries in Africa, are some of the most fascinating places in the Horn of Africa. In regards to Somalia (Mogadishu), this country has been off limits to travelers for more than 20 years. Among the highlights of the trip was Ras Hafun and Cape Guardafui Channel in Puntland, the easternmost point of Africa.
Take a trip back to the beginning of civilization. Three of these countries can rightfully be considered the last true frontiers of Africa. Enjoy some of the most exceptional rock paintings in Las Geel, experience the pulse of the fast growing capital Hargeisa, explore deserted beaches, visit bustling market towns, and experience the jaw-droppingly impressive Lac Abbe – the geological wonder with limestone chimneys and juxtaposing lush greenery and waterfalls in the Day Forest.
The Somaliland, Djibouti, and Somalia areas are located on the shores of the Red Sea and the Gulf of Aden opposite the Arabian Peninsula. They are influenced by African, Arabic, and Indian Ocean cultures. The people you meet will also leave a lasting impression – proud of their countries with a legendary sense of hospitality.
Next, we will visit Mogadishu, the capital and largest city of Somalia. Mogadishu was considered one of the top ten cities in the world in the 1970s and 1980s, before the civil war broke out in 1991. Mogadishu was once hailed as the jewel of East Africa because of its beaches and classical architecture. The strategic location of Mogadishu’s seaport along a coastline of over 3000 kilometers made it a key transport hub between Africa and Asia.
Puntland, the last stop on the trip, has a similar political structure to Somaliland, where clan elders play an important role in supporting the democratically elected president. Unlike its western neighbour, however, it has never sought formal independence, and its long-term goal is to become a federal state within a greater Somalia. Ras Hafun and Cape Guardafui are the easternmost points on continental African and the site of a colonial era lighthouse shaped like Mussolini’s notorious National Fascist Party emblem.
Cape Guardafui offers an off-road adventure through rugged mountains and wild shorelines, dotted with fishing hamlets and melancholic colonial ruins, including the former salt mines of Ras Hafun.
When you arrive in Djibouti city, you will be greeted by an airport pickup and driven to Menelik hotel. If your arrival time permits, you will have a city tour; otherwise, you will stay in the hotel for the remainder of the day. (D)
After breakfast, we then drive to Lake Assal, the lowest point in Africa. On our way, we also visit the Panoramic view of Canyon Adaleh and the Panoramic view of Goubet. In Lake Assal, the big salt field makes you feel like walking in nowhere land. The water has bright colors that change from time to time because of the sun’s reflection. The trip ends with a drive back to Djibouti City and overnight Menelik hotel or similar hotels. (BLD)
Arrive in Hargeisa and transfer to your hotel, Spend the afternoon exploring the city and seeing some of its sights, including the War Memorial with its unusual monument of a, crashed MiG fighter plane, the markets – including the gold and camel markets. Overnight Damal Hotel or similar hotels. (BLD)
Visit the caves of Laas Geel, where rock art dating back more than 5,000 years has been found – one of the most well-preserved examples of rock art in Africa, and a highlight of the journey. A French team led by Xavier Gutherz discovered the site in 2002 during their study of the origins of pastoralism in the Horn of Africa. Along with the paintings, lithic tools were found scattered throughout the site, and there are many tombs marked with stelae and mounds in the nearby area.
There are approximately 20 rock shelters with paintings, the largest of which measures approximately 10 meters in length. Most of them appear to be humpless cows with curved or lyre-like white horns (sometimes with reddish tips) and marked udders. We will return to Hargeisa city and visit the nearby Camel farm after visiting the site. Dinner and overnight at Damal Hotel Hargeisa or a similar hotel. (BLD)
Pick up at the airport and our guide will assist you with obtaining your visa on arrival and take you to your Shamo hotel for a briefing. Afterward, you will go on an orientation then time to relax and to swim at Lido beach, come back to the hotel and overnight at Shamo hotel. (BLD)
Start the day with a visit to the fish market after breakfast. Mogadishu’s fish market is one of the most photogenic places in the city. During the morning hours it comes alive with activity. Take a look at the old harbor. It is the oldest port in Somalia. Visit Mogadishu’s iconic lighthouse, which was reconstructed during the Italian colonial era. While it is no longer operational, it remains an important symbol of Mogadishu’s maritime heritage. While the staircases were deliberately damaged during the Civil War, if you are brave enough to climb to the top, the view over the bay is definitely worth it.
Lunch at a local Somali restaurant. You will have the opportunity to taste some traditional Somali cuisine. You will visit bazaars and malls called Mogdishu Mall. Take a stroll through the shopping areas to gain an understanding of everyday life in Somalia. The SYL Monument is also worth visiting. SYL (Somali Youth League) was the first political party in Somalia. In the 1940s, it played a key role in bringing the nation to independence. From the 1950s till the 1960s. Every year in Somalia, the Somali Youth League commemorates its founding on May 15, 1943.
Monument at Dhagaxtuur. The monument symbolizes the struggle for independence from colonial rule. You can visit the Union Mosque. This is one of the largest religious sites in the Horn of Africa, with a capacity of over 10,000 people, and is also known as the mosque of Islamic solidarity and peace. Dinner and overnight at Shamo hotel. (BLD)
Arrive at Bosaso, transfer your accommodation hotel and lunch. In the Afternoon we head around the cultural markets and historical monuments of Bosaso, experience local everyday life, see the economic engines of industry and trade of the city. Overnight in Bosaso. (BLD)
Early breakfast and travel to Ras Hafun a port city in modern-day Somalia that was known to the Greeks as Opone which was described in the 1st century CE Greek travelogue the Periplus of the Erythraean Sea. Sightseeing and overnight at Cottage. (BLD)
After breakfast travel to Baargaal, A coastal town, Bargal faces the Guardafui Channel in the Indian Ocean, A long journey that will take 8 hours drive. For the night stay at a hotel in Baargaal. (BLD)
Early morning departure and drive through the desert to Cape Guardafui area. Cape Guardafui is where the Indian ocean and red sea meet and the second eastern-most point on mainland Africa after Ras Hafun. Come back and overnight in Bargaal in the evening. (BLD)
Earlier breakfast and travel back to Bosaso a unique adventure starts where a day trip off-road is exciting in all sorts of ways. arrive and overnight at Bosaso after a 12 hour drive. (BLD)
Your security escort will drop you at the airport to catch your flight. No sightseeing on the final day. (B)
Our custom tours are tailor-made itineraries designed for individual travellers, families, or a small group.
We can arrange an itinerary around your interests, dates, and special requests, all our tours include private drivers, private touring, unique accommodations, and exclusive experiences.
First, we encourage you to view our published itineraries and if it is not fit your interest then contact us and let us design a customized itinerary for you.
We always advise booking in advance. For confirmation of the tours, we require a 10% deposit payment in advance. This can be done via an online to our Business Bank account in USD. The remaining can be paid upon arrival in cash USD.
However, you can choose to pay the full amount in advance via our Somaliland Business bank transfer. We will always send the invoice with all the banking details.
IMPORTANT: All wiring fees need to be paid by the customer. Visit Horn of Africa cannot be held responsible for the failure of booking due to delay in payment.
If you wish to cancel your booking, the following conditions apply. A deposit payment has to be made to Visit Horn of Africa 30 days before the scheduled departure/beginning of the Tour.
IMPORTANT: The cancellation policy stated above does not apply if a prior agreement has been made with Somaliland Travel Agency.
Visit Horn of Africa tries to follow the agreed tour program with its clients as much
as possible. However, under certain circumstance, we might need to change the program
due to: Road conditions, safety, adverse weather conditions, civil war, strike, cancellation
or delay of domestic flights, high-level government meeting.
In the case where Visit Horn of Africa does not provide one of the services
mentioned in the program, we will provide a refund for the services not rendered, except
in the following cases:
A delay or cancellation of scheduled flights is not the responsibility of Visit Horn of Africa. We will, however, provide all the necessary assistance to our customers in such circumstances. All airfares are subject to availability at time of booking. Please also note that fares are subject to change without notice and are not guaranteed until purchased.
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